Bombax ceiba is a deciduous, flowering large perennial tree. Leaves are palmate with 5-7 leaflets. Flowers are huge, orange-scarlet, and fleshy with 5 petals. The fruit, which reaches an average of 13 centimetres in length, is light-green in colour in immature fruits, brown in mature fruits. Seeds are numerous, long, ovoid, black or gray in colour and packed in white cotton. It usually blooms leafless.
Grows 25m tall. Moderate to fast initial growth and will 6m tall with a on 5 years and 20m tall with a 40cm stem diameter after 35 years. The lifespan of 35 to 45 years. It is also known as Bombax Malabaricum.